Executive function and verbal working memory in adolescents with closed head injury (CHI)

Adele Proctor, Brenda Wilson, Claudette Sanchez, Erin Wesley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The relationship between executive function (EF) and working memory (WM) was studied in eight adolescents with closed head injury (CHI) and eight controls, matched for age, gender and socio-economic status (SES). A cognitive-linguistic test (Scales of Cognitive Ability for Traumatic Brain Injury, SCATBI) was used to group CHI participants by severity. EF was tested with a measure of daily functioning (Pro-Ex) and WM was tested with a recognition memory task (RMT). When all subject test data were grouped, a positive linear correlation was found for the Pro-Ex and the RMT. A strong-to-moderate positive correlation was found for components of the EF measure and the RMT. Severity of injury influenced test performance for both the EF and WM measures, with a significance between group effects found on the RMT task. Results indicate a relationship between executive function and working memory, severity of injury and test performance and the need to assess EF of CHI adolescents with a measure of daily functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-647
Number of pages15
JournalBrain Injury
Volume14
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Proctor, A., Wilson, B., Sanchez, C., & Wesley, E. (2000). Executive function and verbal working memory in adolescents with closed head injury (CHI). Brain Injury, 14(7), 633-647.