Excitons in ultrathin organic-inorganic perovskite crystals

Omer Yaffe, Alexey Chernikov, Zachariah M. Norman, Yu Zhong, Ajanthkrishna Velauthapillai, Arend Van Der Zande, Jonathan S. Owen, Tony F. Heinz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We demonstrate the formation of large sheets of layered organic-inorganic perovskite (OIPC) crystals, as thin as a single unit cell, prepared by mechanical exfoliation. The resulting two-dimensional OIPC nanosheets of 2.4 nm thickness are direct semiconductors with an optical band gap of 2.4 eV. They exhibit unusually strong light-matter interaction with an optical absorption as high as 25% at the main excitonic resonance, as well as bright photoluminescence. We extract an exciton binding energy of 490 meV from measurement of the series of excited exciton states. The properties of the excitons are shown to be strongly influenced by the changes in the dielectric surroundings. The environmental sensitivity of these ultrathin OIPC sheets is further reflected in the strong suppression of a thermally driven phase transition present in the bulk crystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number045414
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume92
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 14 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Excitons
Perovskite
excitons
Crystals
crystals
Nanosheets
Optical band gaps
Binding energy
Light absorption
Photoluminescence
optical absorption
binding energy
Phase transitions
retarding
Semiconductor materials
photoluminescence
sensitivity
cells
LDS 751
perovskite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Excitons in ultrathin organic-inorganic perovskite crystals. / Yaffe, Omer; Chernikov, Alexey; Norman, Zachariah M.; Zhong, Yu; Velauthapillai, Ajanthkrishna; Van Der Zande, Arend; Owen, Jonathan S.; Heinz, Tony F.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 92, No. 4, 045414, 14.07.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yaffe, O, Chernikov, A, Norman, ZM, Zhong, Y, Velauthapillai, A, Van Der Zande, A, Owen, JS & Heinz, TF 2015, 'Excitons in ultrathin organic-inorganic perovskite crystals', Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 92, no. 4, 045414. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.92.045414
Yaffe, Omer ; Chernikov, Alexey ; Norman, Zachariah M. ; Zhong, Yu ; Velauthapillai, Ajanthkrishna ; Van Der Zande, Arend ; Owen, Jonathan S. ; Heinz, Tony F. / Excitons in ultrathin organic-inorganic perovskite crystals. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2015 ; Vol. 92, No. 4.
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