Laser and fluorescence excitation spectra of the green Ho: ZBLAN glass fiber laser (5S2 & cmb. a.rhprp; 5I8:546. 9-550.1 nm) have been measured at room temperature by pumping 20-90 cm long fibers in the 640-653 nm spectral region (5F5 & cmb. a.rhprp; I8 transition of Ho3+) with a CW dye laser. Pronounced structure in the laser excitation spectrum appears to arise from Stark sublevels of the Ho3+ 5F5 and 5I8 states rather than excited state absorption. Because the overall gain profile is inhomogeneously broadened, the laser excitation spectrum width increases with pump power and is ~ 5.7 nm FWHM when the pump power is a factor of 2.3 above threshold. For a 22 cm fiber, the threshold pump power is 128 ± 5 mW and, with 5% output coupling, more than 12 mW has been extracted in the green for 318 mW of 646.7 nm input power. The slope efficiency for this oscillator (accounting for the pump launch efficiency) exceeds 14%.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering