Unusually long electrostatic solitary waves (ESWs) are discovered in a particle-in-cell simulation study of the process of ion beam neutralization by electron emission from a filament. These ESWs are long because the density perturbation responses to the potential wells created by the ESWs are very small. The density perturbation is small because the trapped (positive) and untrapped (negative) electron density perturbations nearly compensate each other because of a non-Maxwellian electron velocity distribution in the beam.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics