Exchange-Induced Anisotropies at Ferromagnetic-Antiferromagnetic Interfaces above and below the Néel Temperature

M. Grimsditch, A. Hoffmann, P. Vavassori, Hongtao Shi, D. Lederman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The exchange bias and magnetic anisotropies in a Co layer on a single-crystalline [Formula presented] film have been determined between 30 and 300 K. By postulating that the coupling between the ferromagnet and the antiferromagnet persists above the Néel temperature ([Formula presented]) we develop a model that quantitatively describes the exchange bias and the anisotropies over the whole temperature range, both above and below [Formula presented]. Using only the measured low temperature exchange bias and a distribution of blocking temperatures we explain (i) the temperature dependence of the bias, (ii) the magnitude of the anisotropies, (iii) the opposite sign of the first and second order anisotropies, (iv) the observed [Formula presented] and [Formula presented] temperature dependencies of the first and second order uniaxial anisotropies above [Formula presented], and (v) the decrease of the anisotropies below [Formula presented].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume90
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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