Exceptional arsenic adsorption performance of hydrous cerium oxide nanoparticles: Part A. Adsorption capacity and mechanism

Ronghui Li, Qi Li, Shian Gao, Jian Ku Shang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hydrous cerium oxide (HCO) nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple precipitation process, and their arsenic adsorption performances were investigated. Due to their high specific surface area (198m 2/g) and the presence of high affinity surface hydroxyl groups, HCO nanoparticles demonstrated exceptional adsorption properties in terms of adsorption capacity and kinetics on both As(III) and As(V). At neutral pH, the arsenic adsorption capacity of HCO reached over 170mg/g for As(III) and 107mg/g for As(V). Even at very low equilibrium arsenic concentrations, the amount of As(III) and As(V) adsorbed by HCO nanoparticles was still over 13mg/g at 10μg/L and over 40mg/g at 50μg/L, which are higher than the arsenic adsorption capacity for most commercial adsorbents. Over a wide pH range from 3 to 11, HCO nanoparticles could readily remove As(III) by adsorption, which was not observed previously on other arsenic adsorbents. Such exceptional arsenic adsorption properties by HCO nanoparticles were shown to derive from the strong inner-sphere complexion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-135
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume185-186
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2012

Keywords

  • Adsorption mechanism
  • Exceptional arsenic removal ability
  • Hydrous cerium oxide nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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