Examples of prime von neumann algebras

Mingchu Gao, Marius Junge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Let {(Mi, Pdbli) : i = 1, 2, . . .} be a family of injective von Neumann algebras on separable Hilbert spaces with a faithful normal state fi on each Mi and M be the reduced free product von Neumann algebra of (Mi, Pdbli), iε N. If there is a normal conditional expectation from M onto a non-injective von Neumann subalgebra N of M, then N is prime, i.e., N = N1⊗̄N2 implies that either N1 or N2 is a von Neumann algebra of type I. This result provides many examples of prime von Neumann algebras. These examples of prime von Neumann algebras include prime factors given by Ge (type II1) and by Shlyakhtenko (Type III). In our proof we combine Ozawa's new techniques for solid von Neumann algebras with Shlyakhtenko's "matrix model" techniques for the free Araki- Woods factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberrnm042
JournalInternational Mathematics Research Notices
StatePublished - 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics


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