Examining the effects of urban neighborhoods on the mental health of adolescent African American males: A qualitative systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Residing in high-risk urban neighborhoods has a significant impact on the optimal psychosocial development of adolescent African American males. Living in these environments often increases exposure to economic distress and attendance at under-resourced schools, which may diminish opportunities for successful life outcomes. This qualitative systematic review examines how continuous exposure to high-risk neighborhoods affects the mental health of adolescent African American males. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, twelve articles were systematically reviewed. Results suggest that African American male adolescents continuously exposed to negative characteristics within their neighborhoods display higher rates of depression, and other symptoms of psychological distress. However, further research is needed to identify the specific mechanisms in high-risk neighborhoods that are most salient in increasing their negative mental health symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-268
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Negro Education
Volume84
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

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mental health
adolescent
psychosocial development
American
school
economics

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • African American males
  • Mental health outcomes
  • Neighborhoods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Anthropology

Cite this

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abstract = "Residing in high-risk urban neighborhoods has a significant impact on the optimal psychosocial development of adolescent African American males. Living in these environments often increases exposure to economic distress and attendance at under-resourced schools, which may diminish opportunities for successful life outcomes. This qualitative systematic review examines how continuous exposure to high-risk neighborhoods affects the mental health of adolescent African American males. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, twelve articles were systematically reviewed. Results suggest that African American male adolescents continuously exposed to negative characteristics within their neighborhoods display higher rates of depression, and other symptoms of psychological distress. However, further research is needed to identify the specific mechanisms in high-risk neighborhoods that are most salient in increasing their negative mental health symptoms.",
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AB - Residing in high-risk urban neighborhoods has a significant impact on the optimal psychosocial development of adolescent African American males. Living in these environments often increases exposure to economic distress and attendance at under-resourced schools, which may diminish opportunities for successful life outcomes. This qualitative systematic review examines how continuous exposure to high-risk neighborhoods affects the mental health of adolescent African American males. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, twelve articles were systematically reviewed. Results suggest that African American male adolescents continuously exposed to negative characteristics within their neighborhoods display higher rates of depression, and other symptoms of psychological distress. However, further research is needed to identify the specific mechanisms in high-risk neighborhoods that are most salient in increasing their negative mental health symptoms.

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