Examining concurrent and longitudinal relations between personality traits and social well-being in adulthood

Patrick L. Hill, Nicholas A. Turiano, Daniel K. Mroczek, Brent W. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Past work has demonstrated that Big Five personality traits both predict relationship success and respond to changes in relationship status. The current study extends this work by examining how developments on the Big Five traits correspond to another important social outcome in adulthood, social well-being. Using the Mid-Life Development in the U.S. longitudinal data sample of adults, the authors examined traits and social well-being at two time points, roughly 9 years apart. Results find support for two primary claims. First, initial levels of social well-being correlated positively with initial standing on extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness. Second, changes in social well-being over time coincided with changes on these traits, in the same directions. Taken together, these findings provide broad support that trait development and social well-being development coincide during adulthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)698-705
Number of pages8
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • adult personality development
  • big five
  • personality change
  • social well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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