Examination of relational memory in multidimensional schizotypy

Lili Sahakyan, Thomas R. Kwapil, Yipei Lo, Lydia Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report the first study to examine the association of positive, negative, and disorganized schizotypy with relational memory. Relational memory refers to memory for relations among multiple elements of an experience, and this form of episodic memory is different from memory for individual elements themselves. Using a cornerstone task from the neurocognitive literature that is designed specifically to assess relational memory, we found that negative schizotypy, but not positive or disorganized schizotypy, is associated with impaired relational memory performance. The deficit was observed both in poorer accuracy and slower response time. The results demonstrate the importance of examining schizotypy as a multidimensional construct, and indicate that using a total schizotypy score both obscures the nature of the association with various dimensions of schizotypy and also explains only half of the variance accounted for by taking into consideration the multidimensionality of schizotypy. These results add to previous findings that negative schizotypy is associated with a wide array of episodic memory deficits linked to impairment in retrieval and processing of contextual information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-43
Number of pages8
JournalSchizophrenia Research
StatePublished - Sep 2019


  • Cognition
  • Psychosis
  • Relational memory
  • Schizophrenia spectrum
  • Schizotypy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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