The origin of the superconducting state in the recently discovered Fe-based materials is the subject of intense scrutiny. Neutron scattering and NMR (ref.8) measurements have already demonstrated a strong correlation between magnetism and superconductivity. A central unanswered question concerns the nature of the normal-state spin fluctuations that may be responsible for the pairing. Here we present inelastic neutron scattering measurements from large single crystals of superconducting and non-superconducting Fe1+y Te1-x Sex. These measurements indicate a spin fluctuation spectrum dominated by two-dimensional incommensurate excitations extending to energies greater than 250 meV. Most importantly, the spin excitations in Fe 1+y Te1-x Sex have four-fold symmetry about the (1, 0) wavevector (square-lattice (π, π) point). Moreover, the excitations are described by the identical wavevector and can be characterized by the same model as the normal-state spin excitations in the high-TC cuprates. These results demonstrate commonality between the magnetism in these classes of materials, which perhaps extends to a common origin for superconductivity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)