Evolution of organo-cyanometallate cages: Supramolecular architectures and new Cs+-specific receptors

Julie L. Boyer, Matthew L. Kuhlman, Thomas B. Rauchfuss

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The ability of inorganic cyanometallate polymers to form interesting and useful complexes is well-known. This Account summarizes work, especially in our laboratories, aimed at replicating aspects of this inorganic chemistry in homogeneous solution using organometallic building blocks. A library of molecular organometallic cyanides and Lewis acids, with varying charges and labilities, are shown to give families of neutral and charged cages. Neutral and anionic cages, often molecular boxes, bind larger alkali metals tightly. Cubic frameworks show an unparalleled affinity for cesium cations over potassium cations. Noncubic cages are described including tetrahedranes, defect boxes, trigonal prisms, and hexagonal prisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-242
Number of pages10
JournalAccounts of chemical research
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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