Evidence of preserved audience design with aging in interactive conversation

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Speakers tailor referential expressions to the listener's knowledge, a phenomenon called audience design. Audience design requires access to partner-specific representations in memory, which could be compromised among older adults who experience memory declines. In fact, little is known about how the memory representation of shared knowledge with a conversational partner influences audience design in multiparty conversation. We examined how young and older adults tailor their utterances for partners holding different representations of the same item. Both younger and older adults successfully adjusted their referential expressions to the current partner's knowledge state in a live conversation. However, when memory was explicitly probed, older adults showed a source memory deficit in distinguishing which partner held which label. These results suggest that explicit memory may not be necessary for audience design, and that implicit memory processes, which are preserved with aging, may contribute to effective audience design. The findings highlight a pathway to preserved communicative competence with aging and the roles of multiple memory systems including both implicit and explicit systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)613-623
Number of pages11
JournalPsychology and aging
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Young Adult
Memory Disorders
Mental Competency

Keywords

  • Audience design
  • Language production
  • Memory
  • Multiparty conversation
  • Older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Evidence of preserved audience design with aging in interactive conversation. / Yoon, Si On; Stine-Morrow, Elizabeth A L.

In: Psychology and aging, Vol. 34, No. 4, 06.2019, p. 613-623.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{ae23180072a34d0088f7e9632444c35b,
title = "Evidence of preserved audience design with aging in interactive conversation",
abstract = "Speakers tailor referential expressions to the listener's knowledge, a phenomenon called audience design. Audience design requires access to partner-specific representations in memory, which could be compromised among older adults who experience memory declines. In fact, little is known about how the memory representation of shared knowledge with a conversational partner influences audience design in multiparty conversation. We examined how young and older adults tailor their utterances for partners holding different representations of the same item. Both younger and older adults successfully adjusted their referential expressions to the current partner's knowledge state in a live conversation. However, when memory was explicitly probed, older adults showed a source memory deficit in distinguishing which partner held which label. These results suggest that explicit memory may not be necessary for audience design, and that implicit memory processes, which are preserved with aging, may contribute to effective audience design. The findings highlight a pathway to preserved communicative competence with aging and the roles of multiple memory systems including both implicit and explicit systems.",
keywords = "Audience design, Language production, Memory, Multiparty conversation, Older adults",
author = "Yoon, {Si On} and Stine-Morrow, {Elizabeth A L}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1037/pag0000341",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "613--623",
journal = "Psychology and Aging",
issn = "0882-7974",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence of preserved audience design with aging in interactive conversation

AU - Yoon, Si On

AU - Stine-Morrow, Elizabeth A L

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - Speakers tailor referential expressions to the listener's knowledge, a phenomenon called audience design. Audience design requires access to partner-specific representations in memory, which could be compromised among older adults who experience memory declines. In fact, little is known about how the memory representation of shared knowledge with a conversational partner influences audience design in multiparty conversation. We examined how young and older adults tailor their utterances for partners holding different representations of the same item. Both younger and older adults successfully adjusted their referential expressions to the current partner's knowledge state in a live conversation. However, when memory was explicitly probed, older adults showed a source memory deficit in distinguishing which partner held which label. These results suggest that explicit memory may not be necessary for audience design, and that implicit memory processes, which are preserved with aging, may contribute to effective audience design. The findings highlight a pathway to preserved communicative competence with aging and the roles of multiple memory systems including both implicit and explicit systems.

AB - Speakers tailor referential expressions to the listener's knowledge, a phenomenon called audience design. Audience design requires access to partner-specific representations in memory, which could be compromised among older adults who experience memory declines. In fact, little is known about how the memory representation of shared knowledge with a conversational partner influences audience design in multiparty conversation. We examined how young and older adults tailor their utterances for partners holding different representations of the same item. Both younger and older adults successfully adjusted their referential expressions to the current partner's knowledge state in a live conversation. However, when memory was explicitly probed, older adults showed a source memory deficit in distinguishing which partner held which label. These results suggest that explicit memory may not be necessary for audience design, and that implicit memory processes, which are preserved with aging, may contribute to effective audience design. The findings highlight a pathway to preserved communicative competence with aging and the roles of multiple memory systems including both implicit and explicit systems.

KW - Audience design

KW - Language production

KW - Memory

KW - Multiparty conversation

KW - Older adults

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064330922&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064330922&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/pag0000341

DO - 10.1037/pag0000341

M3 - Review article

C2 - 30973242

AN - SCOPUS:85064330922

VL - 34

SP - 613

EP - 623

JO - Psychology and Aging

JF - Psychology and Aging

SN - 0882-7974

IS - 4

ER -