Evaluation of Two-Leaf Sampling Units to Estimate Sugarcane Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Economic Thresholds in Commercial Grain Sorghum

Jessica C. Lindenmayer, Mark Payton, Kris L. Giles, Norman C. Elliott, Allen E. Knutson, Robert Bowling, Nicholas J. Seiter, Brian McCornack, Sebe A. Brown, Tom A. Royer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sugarcane aphid Melanaphis sacchari Zehntner is a significant economic pest of grain sorghum in the United States. Effective monitoring and early detection are cornerstones for managing invasive pests. The recently developed binomial sequential sampling plan estimates sugarcane aphid economic thresholds (ETs) based on classification whether a 2-leaf sample unit has ≤ or ≥ 50 M. sacchari. In this study, we evaluated eight 2-leaf sampling units for potential use in the sequential sampling plan. From 2016 through 2017, whole plant counts of M. sacchari were recorded non-destructively in situ on sorghum plants from 140 fields located in five states. Plant canopies were stratified into three categories. Two leaves from each stratum were used to compare linear relationships between M. sacchari numbers per two-leaf sample unit and total M. sacchari density per plant. Analysis revealed that two randomly selected leaves from the middle stratum accounted more variation for estimating M. sacchari density when compared to two leaves from the other strata. Comparison of eight two-leaf sampling units within plant growth stages were variable in quantifying variation of M. sacchari densities. When growth stages were combined, the standard uppermost + lowermost leaf sample unit and a unit consisting of two randomly selected leaves from the middle stratum revealed little difference in their enumeration of variation in M. sacchari density. Because other sample units were either less predictive and/or more variable in estimating M. sacchari density, we suggest that the (L1+U1) sample unit remain the preferred method for appraising M. sacchari ETs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-485
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of economic entomology
Volume114
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 9 2021

Keywords

  • Melanaphis sacchari
  • binomial sampling
  • canopy distribution
  • sample-unit
  • sequential sampling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Insect Science

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