Evaluation of Soybean for Resistance to Neohyadatothrips variabilis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Noninfected and Infected with Soybean Vein Necrosis Virus

D. Lagos-Kutz, M. L. Pawlowski, J. Haudenshield, J. Han, L. L. Domier, G. L. Hartman, Louis Hesler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Soybean vein necrosis virus (SVNV) was first identified in Arkansas and Tennessee in 2008 and is now known to be widespread in the United States and Canada. Multiple species of thrips transmit this and other tospoviruses with Neohydatothrips variabilis (Beach) (soybean thrips) cited as the most efficient vector for SVNV. In this study, 18 soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., genotypes were evaluated in four experiments by infesting plants with noninfected and SVNV-infected thrips using choice and no-choice assays. In both choice experiments with noninfected and SVNV-infected thrips, the lowest number of immature soybean thrips occurred on plant introductions (PIs) 229358 and 604464 while cultivars Williams 82 and Williamsfield Illini 3590N supported higher counts of mature thrips. The counts between the two assays (noninfected and SVNV-infected thrips) were positively correlated. In both no-choice experiments with noninfected and SVNV-infected thrips, counts of thrips did not differ by soybean genotypes. Further studies are needed to characterize the inheritance and mechanisms involved in the resistance found in the choice assay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)949-955
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of economic entomology
Volume113
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 6 2020

Keywords

  • soybean resistance
  • soybean thrips
  • soybean vein necrosis virus
  • virus-infected thrips

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Insect Science

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