Evaluation of multi-scale mineralized collagen-polycaprolactone composites for bone tissue engineering

D. W. Weisgerber, K. Erning, C. L. Flanagan, S. J. Hollister, B. A.C. Harley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A particular challenge in biomaterial development for treating orthopedic injuries stems from the need to balance bioactive design criteria with the mechanical and geometric constraints governed by the physiological wound environment. Such trade-offs are of particular importance in large craniofacial bone defects which arise from both acute trauma and chronic conditions. Ongoing efforts in our laboratory have demonstrated a mineralized collagen biomaterial that can promote human mesenchymal stem cell osteogenesis in the absence of osteogenic media but that possesses suboptimal mechanical properties in regards to use in loaded wound sites. Here we demonstrate a multi-scale composite consisting of a highly bioactive mineralized collagen-glycosaminoglycan scaffold with micron-scale porosity and a polycaprolactone support frame (PCL) with millimeter-scale porosity. Fabrication of the composite was performed by impregnating the PCL support frame with the mineral scaffold precursor suspension prior to lyophilization. Here we evaluate the mechanical properties, permeability, and bioactivity of the resulting composite. Results indicated that the PCL support frame dominates the bulk mechanical response of the composite resulting in a 6000-fold increase in modulus compared to the mineral scaffold alone. Similarly, the incorporation of the mineral scaffold matrix into the composite resulted in a higher specific surface area compared to the PCL frame alone. The increased specific surface area in the collagen-PCL composite promoted increased initial attachment of porcine adipose derived stem cells versus the PCL construct.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)318-327
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume61
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • Biomaterial
  • Bone
  • Collagen
  • Craniofacial
  • Multi-scale
  • Polycaprolactone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

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