Evaluation of microbial phytase in broiler diets

R. N. Dilger, E. M. Onyango, J. S. Sands, O. Adeola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two trials were conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a new microbial phytase (Phyzyme XP) for broiler chicks. Trial 1 used 192 8-d-old male broilers in a 14-d trial to assess growth and nutrient utilization. Dietary treatments (221.9 g/kg CP) included a positive control [5.0 g/kg nonphytate P (NPP)], negative control (1.2 g/kg NPP), and negative control plus 500 or 1,000 phytase units/kg of diet. Phytase addition increased weight gain, feed intake, feed efficiency, and tibia and toe ash (linear, P < 0.01) with tibia ash also responding quadratically (P < 0.05). Apparent ileal digestibility of P (linear and quadratic, P < 0.05), tryptophan, and valine (linear, P < 0.05) also increased. Linear and quadratic responses were observed for retention of DM, nitrogen, P, and several amino acids (P < 0.05) with added phytase. Trial 2 utilized 576 1-d-old male broilers over a 42-d period to evaluate growth performance. Diets were formulated for starter (222.7 g/kg CP) and grower (201.5 g/kg CP) phases and included a positive control (starter and grower, 5.0 and 3.8 g/kg NPP, respectively); negative control (starter and grower, 2.4 and 1.8 g/kg NPP, respectively); negative control plus 500, 750, or 1,000 phytase units/kg; and negative control plus 500 phytase units/kg of Natuphos phytase. Phytase increased weight gain and feed intake (starter, grower, overall) as well as feed efficiency during the starter period (linear, P < 0.05). Feed intake was also improved during the grower period and overall (quadratic, P < 0.05). Tibia and toe ash of birds fed for the first 21 d increased (linear, P < 0.05) with tibia ash also increasing quadratically (P < 0.05). Overall, tibia and toe ash were improved due to phytase addition (linear and quadratic, P < 0.05). In conclusion, this microbial phytase, derived from Escherichia coli and expressed in Schizosaccaromyces pombe, elicited improved growth performance, bone mineralization, and P utilization in broiler chicks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)962-970
Number of pages9
JournalPoultry science
Volume83
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Broiler
  • Growth
  • Microbial phytase
  • Nutrient utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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