Evaluation of feeding spray-dried bovine plasma protein on production performance of laying hens exposed to high ambient temperatures

K. W. Koelkebeck, S. DePersio, K. Lima, P. C. Harrison, C. Utterback, P. Utterback, R. N. Dilger, R. S. Gates, A. Green, J. M. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate feeding 2 levels of spray-dried bovine plasma protein (SDP) on production performance of laying hens subjected to high ambient temperatures. Two groups of 96 Hy-Line W-98 hens (38 wk of age) were housed in each of 2 environmentally controlled chambers. At 40 wk of age, all hens were fed 3 diet treatments consisting of (1) a control diet (0% SDP); (2) the control diet supplemented with 0.75% SDP; and (3) the control diet supplemented with 1.50% SDP. Hens in each chamber (8 cages of 4 hens per cage) were ad libitum fed 1 of each diet for 5 wk. The heat stress (HS) chamber was maintained at 21°C (wk 1), 29°C (wk 2), and 35°C (wk 3 to 5). The thermoneutral chamber was maintained at 21°°C during wk 1 to 5. A significant main effect of week was observed for hens maintained in the HS chamber for egg production, egg weight, egg mass, and feed consumption, which resulted in acute heat stress causing a reduction in these parameters. Hens fed the 1.50% SDP diet in the HS chamber producedgreater (P < 0.05) egg mass on average than hens fed the control or 0.75% SDP diet (wk 1 to 5). During the second week of acute HS (wk 4), hens fed the control and 1.50% SDP diets had greater (P < 0.05) egg production than those fed the 0.75% SDP diet. During wk 5, hens in the HS chamber that were fed the 1.50% SDP diet produced more (P < 0.05) eggs than those fed the control diet. Therefore, based on the results of this study, acute HS negatively affected short-term production performance. In addition, feeding hens an SDP-supplemented diet may have a slight positive effect on production performance when maintained in acute HS conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-402
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Poultry Research
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

Keywords

  • High ambient temperature
  • Laying hen
  • Production performance
  • Spray-dried bovine plasma protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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