Evaluation of fecal α1-proteinase inhibitor concentrations in cats with idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease and cats with gastrointestinal neoplasia

Kathrin F. Burke, John D. Broussard, Craig G. Ruaux, Jan S. Suchodolski, David A Williams, Jörg M. Steiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and gastrointestinal lymphoma are common disorders in cats. The aim of this study was to evaluate fecal α1-PI concentrations, a marker of gastrointestinal protein loss, in cats with histopathological evidence of gastrointestinal inflammation or gastrointestinal neoplasia.Fecal and serum samples were obtained from 20 cats with chronic gastrointestinal disease in which endoscopic biopsies were performed. Two groups of cats were assembled based on histopathology: Group A (n=8), mild to moderate IBD; Group B (n=12), severe IBD or gastrointestinal neoplasia. Fecal α1-PI concentrations and serum concentrations of total protein, albumin, globulin, cobalamin, folate, pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity, and trypsin-like immunoreactivity were determined.Nineteen of the 20 diseased cats had elevated fecal α1-PI concentrations, ranging from 1.9 to 233.6μg/g compared to 20 healthy control cats (normal range: ≤1.6μg/g). Fecal α1-PI concentrations were statistically significantly different between healthy cats and cats of Group A (median: 3.9μg/g, range: 1.3-9.2μg/g, P<0.001) or cats of Group B (median: 20.6μg/g, 4.3-233.6μg/g; P<0.001), and between cats of Groups A and B (P<0.01). Hypoalbuminemia, hypoproteinemia, and hypocobalaminemia were detected in 88%, 83%, and 56% of the diseased cats, respectively.This study suggests that increased fecal α1-PI concentrations in association with low serum albumin and total protein concentrations may be a common finding in cats with IBD or gastrointestinal neoplasia. Furthermore, fecal α1-PI concentrations appear to be higher in cats with severe IBD or confirmed gastrointestinal neoplasia when compared to cats with mild to moderate IBD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-196
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Journal
Volume196
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

Keywords

  • Cats
  • Feces
  • Gastrointestinal neoplasia
  • Idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease
  • α-PI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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