Evaluation of Commercially Available Infant-feeding Mobile Applications Using App Quality Evaluation Tool

Alexandra L. MacMillan Uribe, Kristen N. DiFilippo, Kelsey Jarnell, Julie A. Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Assess the quality of free, commercially available infant-feeding mobile applications (apps) and their appropriateness for audiences with low income and of racial and ethnic diversity using the App Quality Evaluation tool. Methods: Researchers selected apps using an iterative process (n = 6). Health professionals (n = 10) who work with mothers with infants and low income who completed the App Quality Evaluation tool for each app, consisting of 7 domains of app quality. Average domain scores were calculated for each app (> 8 indicates high quality). Results: Evaluators highly rated app function and purpose for WebMD Baby (8.0 ± 1.8 and 8.2 ± 0.9, respectively) and Baby Center (8.0 ± 2.1 and 8.0 ± 2.6, respectively). For other apps, no domains were highly rated. No apps were rated highly for appropriateness (range 5.7–7.7) nor provided high-quality infant-feeding information for mothers with low income. Few apps were rated highly appropriate for mothers who are Black or Hispanic. Conclusions and Implications: Commercially available infant-feeding apps are of limited quality, indicating the need to develop high-quality apps for audiences with low income and Black and Hispanic identities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)604-611
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • breastfeeding
  • complementary feeding
  • economic status
  • ethnic and racial minorities
  • mobile applications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


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