Evaluation of 3 esterase tests for the diagnosis of subclinical mastitis at dry-off and freshening in dairy cattle

S. A. Kandeel, A. A. Megahed, M. H. Ebeid, P. D. Constable

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Subclinical mastitis (SCM) and intramammary infection (IMI) increase esterase activity in the glandular secretions of dairy cattle. Our objective was to evaluate the clinical performance of 3 commercially available esterase tests for diagnosing SCM and IMI. Foremilk samples were collected from 380 quarters (96 cows) at dry-off and from 329 quarters (83 cows) within 4 to 7 d after calving. Quarter somatic cell count (SCC) was measured using the reference method (DeLaval cell counter; De Laval International AB, Tumba, Sweden) with SCM defined as SCC >200,000 cells/mL. Bacterial culture of foremilk samples was used to diagnose IMI based on the growth of ≥100 cfu/mL. The SCC was estimated using 3 PortaSCC tests (PortaCheck, Moorestown, NJ) from the measured esterase activity and the California Mastitis Test (CMT). Clinical performance was evaluated using logistic regression to determine the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and identify test sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) at the optimal cut-point for diagnosing SCM and IMI. Test agreement was also evaluated using the kappa coefficient (κ) and weighted κ. The PortaSCC color test was the best-performing PortaSCC test for diagnosing SCM at dry-off (AUC = 0.90, Se = 0.91, Sp = 0.81, κ = 0.71) and at freshening (AUC = 0.86, Se = 0.74, Sp = 0.95, κ = 0.72), at an optimal cut-point of ≥250,000 cells/mL but required 45 min to produce a result. For comparison, the CMT required 2 min to produce a result and a CMT score of trace or higher was superior to the PortaSCC color test for diagnosing SCM at dry-off (AUC = 0.95, Se = 0.95, Sp = 0.86, κ = 0.81) and freshening (AUC = 0.88, Se = 0.79, Sp = 0.95, κ = 0.76). The PortaSCC quick test was the best-performing PortaSCC test for diagnosing IMI at dry-off (AUC = 0.81, Se = 0.81, Sp = 0.78 κ = 0.40) and required 5 min to produce a result, whereas the PortaSCC color test was the best performing PortaSCC test for diagnosing IMI at freshening (AUC = 0.80, Se = 0.75, Sp = 0.79 κ = 0.38). For comparison, the CMT was inferior to the PortaSCC quick test for diagnosing IMI at dry-off (AUC = 0.73, Se = 0.76, Sp = 0.60, κ = 0.20) but was equivalent to the PortaSCC color test at freshening (AUC = 0.79, Se = 0.58, Sp = 0.93, κ = 0.50). The PortaSCC color and quick tests and CMT were considered good tests for diagnosing SCM and IMI because clinically useful tests typically have an AUC >0.80 and κ >0.6. Based on the test sensitivity, cost, and analysis time, there does not appear to be a persuasive reason to select the PortaSCC tests over the traditional CMT for diagnosing SCM and IMI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1402-1416
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume102
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • California Mastitis Test
  • DeLaval cell counter
  • PortaSCC test
  • mastitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of 3 esterase tests for the diagnosis of subclinical mastitis at dry-off and freshening in dairy cattle'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this