Evaluation and control of steel cleanliness - Review

Lifeng Zhang, Brian G. Thomas, Xinhua Wang, Kaike Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


A review of the different definitions of clean steel, depending on steel grade and application is presented. The different methods to evaluate it are considered, including both direct and indirect methods. Operation practices to improve steel cleanliness at the ladle, tundish, transfer, and caster are highlighted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-452
Number of pages22
JournalSteelmaking Conference Proceedings
StatePublished - 2002
Event85th Steelmaking Conference proceedings - Nashville, TN, United States
Duration: Mar 10 2002Mar 13 2002


  • Inclusions
  • Morphology
  • Nitrogen pick-up
  • Size distribution
  • Steel cleanliness
  • Total oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Metals and Alloys


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