The western corn rootworm (WCR) is the most economically significant insect pest of U.S. corn production and can inflict substantial yield loss. Historically, crop rotation was a successful management strategy because oviposition occurred predominantly in corn. However, beginning in 1995, crop rotation failures were seen in Illinois and Indiana. Commercial Bt corn hybrids targeting this pest were widely adopted and were an effective tool to manage rotation-resistant WCR. Documentation of field-evolved WCR resistance to Bt traits was associated with the cultivation of continuous corn expressing the same Bt toxin. In 2013, severe injury to rotated Bt corn was documented in Illinois, adding urgency to existing concerns about Bt resistance. Unexpected WCR injury to Bt corn hybrids in rotated cornfields and high beetle densities in corn and soybeans have increased grower interest in adult management tactics. In 2014, we will initiate a three-year experiment to determine how the application of foliar insecticides to soybean affects patterns of WCR beetle abundance at trial sites where resistance to Cry3Bb1 is suspected. A split-plot randomized complete block design with three replications will be used. Whole plot treatments will be soybean foliar applied insecticide and will include: (1) an early application of Warrior II applied during the tasseling stage of nearby corn, (2) a late application of Warrior II applied when nearby corn silks are brown, and (3) an untreated check. Adult WCR abundance will be evaluated using unbaited yellow sticky traps and sweep samples. Data and interpretation will be presented from the 2014 season.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - 2014|