Evaluating statewide climate extremes for the United States

Karsten A. Shein, Dennis P. Todey, F. Adnan akyuz, James Randal Angel, Timothy M. Kearns, James L. Zdrojewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The NOAANational Climatic Data Center maintains tables for temperature and precipitation extremes in each of the U.S. states. Many of these tables were several years out of date, however, and therefore did not include a number of recent record-setting meteorological observations. Furthermore, there was no formal process for ensuring the currency of the tables or evaluating observations that might tie or break a statewide climate record. This paper describes the evaluation and revision of the statewide climate-extremes tables for all-time maximum and minimum temperature, greatest 24-h precipitation and snowfall, and greatest snow depth (the five basic climate elements observed on a daily basis by the NOAA Cooperative Weather Network). The process resulted in the revision of 40% of the values listed in those tables and underscored both the necessity of manual quality-assurance methods and the importance of continued climate-monitoring and data-rescue activities to ensure that potential record values are not overlooked.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2047-2059
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Volume51
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Climate records
  • Data quality control
  • Extreme events
  • Precipitation
  • Snow
  • Surface temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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