Evaluating CFC alternatives from the atmospheric viewpoint

Peter S. Connell, Donald J. Wuebbles

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


We employ a two-dimensional (latitude and altitude) computational representation of the troposphere and stratosphere which incorporates physical processes, e.g. species transport and radiative transfer, and homogeneous photochemical processes. Laboratory measurements of OH and O(1D) reactivity and spectral parameters of the alternative HCFC (hydrochlorofluorocarbon) compounds were used as input. The model-derived ozone depletion potential (ODP) is a defined quantity relating the effect on ozone of emission of a species to the model-calculated effect of a standard compound, here CFC-11 (CFCl3). Globally and annually averaged ozone depletion potentials vary from less than .02 to greater than 1.0 for various CFCs and HCFCs, primarily as a result of differences in calculated atmospheric lifetimes. Differences in stratospheric photochemistry among CFCs and HCFCs play a smaller but significant role. Zonally averaged ODPs for some compounds can range over a factor of three with latitude, however, as a result of differences in stratospheric lifetime and the altitude profile of Cl release in CFC or HCFC loss processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings - 82nd A&WMA Annual Meeting - Anaheim, CA, USA
Duration: Jun 25 1989Jun 30 1989


OtherProceedings - 82nd A&WMA Annual Meeting
CityAnaheim, CA, USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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