Europeanising Hungarian Waste Policies: Progress or Regression?

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The hope that prevailed immediately after the collapse of state socialism was that Eastern Europe’s environmental pollution would be ‘swept away by democracy and economic rationality’. This chapter reviews past waste policies in the EU and Hungary and analyses the challenges brought on by joining the EU. It compares requirements for sustainable development and for satisfying requirements for EU accession. Environmental modernisation theory in itself does not say anything about absolute volumes of waste or emissions, power, social costs, and the role of the public. With this critical note, the chapter suggests that ecological modernisation theory can offer us a vantage point from which to interpret the implications of Hungary’s accession to the EU for its waste practices. Until the mid-1990s, post-socialist legislative events, and actual waste practices conformed more to the economic rationalism model than to the ecological modernisation paradigm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEu Enlargement and the Environment
Subtitle of host publicationInstitutional Change and Environmental Policy in Central and Eastern Europe
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9781000942934
ISBN (Print)9780415351867
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences
  • General Environmental Science


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