Ethnic teas and their bioactive components

Amanda M.B. Newell, Sonia Chandra, Elvira Gonzalez De Mejia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Ethnie teas have been used for centuries to treat diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the total polyphenol content, antioxidant, and human DNA anti-topoisomerase II activities of ethnic teas Ardisia sp., mate (Ilex paraguariensis) and roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L). Total polyphenols were determined by using gallic (GA), chlorogenic (CH), and protocatechuic (PCA) acids as standards. Polyphenols in ardisia species ranged from 21-72 mg equivalents (eq) GA/g dried leaves and revealed the presence of epicatechin gallate, proanthocyanidins, kaempferol, naringenin, and ardisin, with the highest topoisomerase II catalytic inhibition. Mate tea contains caffeoyl derivatives (204-364 mg eq. CH/g), which are significantly different depending on their origin (P<0.001). PCA (33-60 mg eq./g) and anthocyanins were present in roselle tea. Mate tea presented the highest antioxidant capacity. Ethnic teas possess compounds with potential health benefits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHispanic Foods Chemistry and Flavor
EditorsMichael Tunick, Elvira Gonzales Mejia
Pages127-142
Number of pages16
StatePublished - Dec 10 2007

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
Volume946
ISSN (Print)0097-6156

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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    Newell, A. M. B., Chandra, S., & De Mejia, E. G. (2007). Ethnic teas and their bioactive components. In M. Tunick, & E. Gonzales Mejia (Eds.), Hispanic Foods Chemistry and Flavor (pp. 127-142). (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 946).