Ethnic-racial socialization messages in the identity development of second-generation haitians

Nancy Joseph, Carla D. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study utilized qualitative inquiry to investigate the role of ethnic-racial socialization messages on ethnic and racial identity development among second-generation Haitians. Nine participants, ranging in age from 15 to 26, took part in individual semistructured qualitative interviews. The data were reviewed for emergent themes, as well as themes present in the ethnic-racial socialization and identity literature. Participants reported receiving positive messages (i.e., Cultural Socialization, Mainstream Socialization, and Preparation for Bias messages) directed at their ethnic groups in the home context and negative messages (i.e., Promotion of Mistrust and discriminatory messages) about their racial group in the home, peer, and societal contexts. In addition, participants who received positive messages directed at their ethnic group reported engaging in identity exploration and endorsing a stable commitment to the identity. Conversely, participants who received negative messages directed at either their ethnic or racial identity reported little to no exploration and exhibited a less stable commitment to that identity. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-380
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of Adolescent Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2011


  • Blacks
  • Caribbeans
  • Haitians
  • ethnic identity
  • racial identity
  • self-concept
  • socialization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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