Estimating Trends and Variation of Net Biome Productivity in India for 1980–2012 Using a Land Surface Model

Shilpa Gahlot, Shijie Shu, Atul K. Jain, Somnath Baidya Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this paper we explore the trend in net biome productivity (NBP) over India for the period 1980–2012 and quantify the impact of different environmental factors, including atmospheric CO2 concentrations ([CO2]), land use and land cover change, climate, and nitrogen deposition on carbon fluxes using a land surface model, Integrated Science Assessment Model. Results show that terrestrial ecosystems of India have been a carbon sink for this period. Driven by a strong CO2 fertilization effect, magnitude of NBP increased from 27.17 TgC/yr in the 1980s to 34.39 TgC/yr in the 1990s but decreased to 23.70 TgC/yr in the 2000s due to change in climate. Adoption of forest conservation, management, and reforestation policies in the past decade has promoted carbon sequestration in the ecosystems, but this effect has been offset by loss of carbon from ecosystems due to rising temperatures and decrease in precipitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11,573-11,579
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume44
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2017

Keywords

  • ISAM
  • NBP
  • NPP
  • carbon
  • climate change
  • land cover land use change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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