Status of Piping Plovers in the Great Plains of North America: A Demographic Simulation Model

Mark R. Ryan, Brian G. Root, Paul M. Mayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A stochastic population growth model using empirical demographic data confirmed that the Piping Plover population of the Great Plains of North America is declining by more than 7% annually. Unchecked, this decline would result in extirpation in approximately 80 years. When recent adult (0.66) and immature (0.60) survival rates were held constant, a 31% increase—from 0.86 to 1.13 chicks fledged per pair—was needed to stabilize the population. Annual population increases of 1% and 2% required 1.16 and 1.19 chicks per pair, respectively. Such growth would result in the Great Plains population reaching the level—(2550 pairs)—needed for delisting from the U.S. Endangered Species Act protection in 53 and 30 years, respectively. One‐ and five‐year delays in the initiation of 1% population growth caused 13 and 67 year delays respectively in reaching recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-585
Number of pages5
JournalConservation Biology
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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