Establishing and maintaining a modified youth sport program: Lessons from hotelling's location game

Laurence Chalip, B. Christine Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Modified youth sport programs seek to adapt sport rules, equipment, and contingencies to the needs and abilities of child participants. Research shows that modified programs can broaden the base of youth sport participation, enhance children's affective experience of sport, and elevate the level of skill they attain. Hotelling's location game is applied to the analysis of a modified youth soccer program. It is shown that the program struggled to retain the modifications it had implemented and was gradually compelled to adopt elements of the traditional youth sport programs it had initially rejected. This finding is consistent with predictions derived from Hotelling. It is argued that modified programs will have difficulty maintaining their distinctiveness from traditional youth sport if they are implemented within established sport club structures. A framework for facilitating the establishment and maintenance of modified youth sport programs is suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)326-342
Number of pages17
JournalSociology of Sport Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Sociology and Political Science


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