Sputtering erosion/redeposition is analyzed for IAEA [Report GA10FDR1-01-07-13 (2001)] plasma facing components, with scrape-off layer (SOL) plasma convective radial transport and nonconvective (diffusion-only) transport. The analysis uses the UEDGE code [T. D. Rognlien, J. Nucl. Mater. 196, 347 (1992)] and DEGAS code [D. P. Stotler, Contrib. Plasma Phys. 40, 221 (2000)] to compute plasma SOL profiles and ion and neutral fluxes to the wall, TRIM-SP code [J. P. Biersack, W. Eckstein, J. Appl. Phys. A34, 73 (1984)] to compute sputter yields, and the REDEP/WBC code package [J. N. Brooks, Fusion Eng. Des. 60, 515 (2002)] for three-dimensional kinetic modeling of sputtered particle transport. Convective transport is modeled for the background plasma by a radially varying outward-flow component of the fluid velocity, and for the impurity ions by three models designed to bracket existing models/data. Results are reported here for the first wall with the reference beryllium coating and an alternative tungsten coating. The analysis shows: (1) sputtering erosion for convective flow is 20-40 times higher than for diffusion-only but acceptably low (∼0.3 nms) for beryllium, and very low (∼0.002 nms) for tungsten; (2) plasma contamination by wall sputtering, with convective flow, is of order 1% for beryllium and negligible for tungsten; (3) wall-to-divertor beryllium transport may be significant (∼10%-60% of the sputtered Be current); (4) tritium co-deposition in redeposited beryllium may be high (∼1-6 gT400 s pulse).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics