Erosion of finite thickness sediment beds by single and multiple circular jets

Octavio E. Sequeiros, Yarko Niño, Marcelo H. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sediment management in reservoirs with the help of water jets has motivated this work. Erosion caused by single and multiple submerged circular turbulent wall jets on a noncohesive sediment bed of finite thickness lying on a fixed boundary was studied with the help of laboratory experiments. Different combinations of jet diameter, jet separation, and sediment thickness to jet diameter ratio were tested. Results show a relation between dimensionless parameters characterizing the steady state bed profile and the densimetric particle Froude number F0 given by the velocity at the nozzle and the effective diameter and submerged specific density of the sediment. Evolution of scour with time confirms previous studies where the erosion was found to initially grow with the logarithm of time up to a certain reference time t*. This time, made dimensionless with a time scale tc involving the volume of sediment scoured and the rate of erosion, was also related to the densimetric Froude number. A comparison with studies regarding erosion of a semiinfinite layer of sediment is also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-507
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
Volume133
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2007

Keywords

  • Cohesionless sediment
  • Erosion
  • Submerged jets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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