Equilibrium theory of the hard sphere fluid and glasses in the metastable regime up to jamming. I. Thermodynamics

Ryan Jadrich, Kenneth S Schweizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We formulate and apply a non-replica equilibrium theory for the fluid-glass transition, glass thermodynamic properties, and jamming of hard spheres in three and all higher spatial dimensions. Numerical predictions for the zero complexity glass transition and jamming packing fractions, and a "densest" equilibrium glass, are made. The equilibrium glass equation of state is regarded as the practical continuation of its fluid analog up to jamming. The analysis provides a possible resolution to the inability of any fluid virial series re-summation based equation of state to capture jamming at a reasonable volume fraction. The numerical results are quantitatively compared with various simulation data for equilibrium hard sphere glasses in 3 to 12 dimensions. Although there are uncertainties in this comparison, the predicted zero complexity or configurational entropy and corresponding jamming packing fractions do agree well with two characteristic packing fractions deduced from the dynamic simulation data. The similarities and differences of our approach compared to the replica approach are discussed. The high dimensional scaling of the equilibrium glass transition and jamming volume fractions are also derived. The developments in this paper serve as input to Paper II [R. Jadrich and K. S. Schweizer, J. Chem. Phys. 139, 054502 (2013)10.1063/1.4816276] that constructs a self-consistent integral equation theory of the 3-dimensional hard sphere pair structure, in real and Fourier space, in the metastable regime up to jamming. The latter is employed as input to a microscopic dynamical theory of single particle activated barrier hopping.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054501
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume139
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 7 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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