Equatorial dynamics observed by rocket, radar, and satellite during the CADRE/MALTED campaign 2. Mean and wave structures, coherence, and variability

David C. Fritts, James F. Garten, Dennis M. Riggin, Richard A. Goldberg, Gerald A. Lehmacher, Frank J. Schmidlin, Sean McCarthy, Erhan Kudeki, Clinton D. Fawcett, Mathew H. Hitchman, Ruth S. Lieberman, Iain M. Reid, Robert A. Vincent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present an analysis of the wind and temperature measurements made by rocket, radar, and satellite instrumentation in the equatorial and subtropical middle atmosphere accompanying the MALTED/CADRE campaign conducted at Alcantara, Brazil during August 1994. Measured mean winds and temperatures extended from ∼10 to 110 km, exhibited general consistency between instruments, and revealed an oscillatory nature of the mean zonal wind with altitude at equatorial latitudes. MF radar measurements of tidal structures showed these to exhibit variability on ∼8- and 16-day periods, but to be largely uncorrelated in time. Two-day wave structures displayed the same periodicities, but were well correlated among sites at northern and equatorial latitudes. Rocket and radar measurements at smaller scales of motion revealed inertia-gravity waves having significant temporal coherence, quadrature correlations between components indicating clear directions of propagation, and momentum flux and mean wind correlations indicative of gravity wave filtering processes. Rocket estimates of diurnal tidal amplitudes suggest that the diurnal tide achieves convectively unstable amplitudes in the upper equatorial mesosphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26,191-26,216
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume102
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 27 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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