A microscopic statistical mechanical theory for the virial equation of state of polymer liquids is developed by combining reference interaction site model (RISM) integral equation methods for flexible chain molecules with a superposition approximation for three-body orientational correlation functions. A compact expression for the pressure is obtained for athermal (hard core) fluids by neglecting explicit chain end effects. An analytical analysis of three-body contributions to the equation of state is carried out for flexible polymers and the scaling dependence on chain length and monomer density is derived. The merits and disadvantages of the compressibility route to the equation of state are briefly discussed, along with the inclusion of attractive intermolecular forces via thermodynamic perturbation theory.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry