Epitaxial growth and magnetic properties of kagome metal FeSn/elemental ferromagnet heterostructures

Prajwal M. Laxmeesha, Tessa D. Tucker, Rajeev Kumar Rai, Shuchen Li, Myoung Woo Yoo, Eric A. Stach, Axel Hoffmann, Steven J. May

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Binary kagome compounds TmXn (T = Mn, Fe, Co; X = Sn, Ge; m:n = 3:1, 3:2, 1:1) have garnered recent interest owing to the presence of both topological band crossings and flatbands arising from the geometry of the metal-site kagome lattice. To exploit these electronic features for potential applications in spintronics, the growth of high-quality heterostructures is required. Here, we report the synthesis of Fe/FeSn and Co/FeSn bilayers on Al2O3 substrates using molecular beam epitaxy to realize heterointerfaces between elemental ferromagnetic metals and antiferromagnetic kagome metals. Structural characterization using high-resolution x-ray diffraction, reflection high-energy electron diffraction, and electron microscopy reveals that the FeSn films are flat and epitaxial. Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy was used to confirm the stoichiometric window where the FeSn phase is stabilized, while transport and magnetometry measurements were conducted to verify metallicity and magnetic ordering in the films. Exchange bias was observed, confirming the presence of antiferromagnetic order in the FeSn layers, paving the way for future studies of magnetism in kagome heterostructures and potential integration of these materials into devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number085302
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Feb 28 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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