Epistaxis Simulator

Christopher M. Pettineo, John A. Vozenilek, Morris Kharasch, Ernest Wang, Pam Aitchison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: This article provides directions for creating a cost-effective epistaxis simulator using an existing CPR Trainer and expired medical supplies. Methods: An epistaxis simulator was created and presented to attending Emergency Medicine physician-educators at Evanston Northwestern Healthcare as an adjunct for procedural training. The materials and methods for making the nosebleed simulator are outlined in this article. Results: We created an epistaxis model utilizing an older CPR Trainer, i.v. tubing, and a bag of normal saline. The model provided realistic epistaxis. This simulator is able to simulate a nosebleed's response to proper positioning of nasal packing by creating hemostasis. Conclusions: Existing task trainers can be modified to provide learners with novel features that can expand the number of simulated clinical conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-241
Number of pages3
JournalSimulation in Healthcare
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Bleeding
  • Education
  • Emergency medicine
  • Epistaxis
  • Nasal packing
  • Nosebleed
  • Procedure
  • Simulation
  • Skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • Modeling and Simulation


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