Key message: An epistatic interaction between SCN resistance loci rhg1-a and rhg2 in PI 90,763 imparts resistance against virulent SCN populations which can be employed to diversify SCN resistance in soybean cultivars. Abstract: With more than 95% of the $46.1B soybean market dominated by a single type of genetic resistance, breeding for soybean cyst nematode (SCN)-resistant soybean that can effectively combat the widespread increase in virulent SCN populations presents a significant challenge. Rhg genes (for Resistance to Heterodera glycines) play a key role in resistance to SCN; however, their deployment beyond the use of the rhg1-b allele has been limited. In this study, quantitative trait loci (QTL) were mapped using PI 90,763 through two biparental F3:4 recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations segregating for rhg1-a and rhg1-b alleles against a SCN HG type 18.104.22.168 (Race 2) population. QTL located on chromosome 18 (rhg1-a) and chromosome 11 (rhg2) were determined to confer SCN resistance in PI 90,763. The rhg2 gene was fine-mapped to a 169-Kbp region pinpointing GmSNAP11 as the strongest candidate gene. We demonstrated a unique epistatic interaction between rhg1-a and rhg2 loci that not only confers resistance to multiple virulent SCN populations. Further, we showed that pyramiding rhg2 with the conventional mode of resistance, rhg1-b, is ineffective against these virulent SCN populations. This highlights the importance of pyramiding rhg1-a and rhg2 to maximize the impact of gene pyramiding strategies toward management of SCN populations virulent on rhg1-b sources of resistance. Our results lay the foundation for the next generation of soybean resistance breeding to combat the number one pathogen of soybean.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science