Acetyltransferase is a member of the transferase group responsible for transferring an acetyl group from acetyl-CoA to amino group of a histone lysine residue. Past efforts on histone acetylation monitoring involved biochemical analysis that do not provide spatiotemporal information in a dynamic format. We propose a novel approach to monitor acetyltransferase acetylation in live single cells using time correlated single photon counting fluorescence lifetime imaging (TCSPC-FLIM) with peptide biosensors. Utilizing 2D and 3D cultures we show that the peptide sensor has a specific response to acetyltransferase enzyme activity in a fluorescence lifetime dependent manner (P < 0.001). Our FLIM biosensor concept enables real-time longitudinal measurement of acetylation activity with high spatial and temporal resolution in live single cells to monitor cell function or evaluate drug effects to treat cancer or neurological diseases.
- live cultures
- peptide sensor
- real-time detection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes