Environment friendly biodiesel from Jatropha curcas: Possibilities and challenges

C. Baroi, E. K. Yanful, M. F. Rahman, M. A. Bergougnou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Bio-diesel development from Jatropha curcas (JTC), a tropical plant, is currently being carried out in various parts of the world. High oil content of the JTC seed, high cetane number of the JTC biodiesel, its drought resistant characteristics, its toxicity, which makes it unwanted by both humans and animals, and its various other uses render this plant an extremely promising source for bio-fuel development in arid areas and rural communities in the developing world, in particular. Catalytic hydrocracking of various other vegetable oils, such as sunflower oil and soybean oil, has been reported. Chemical composition of JTC seed oil shows similarities in fatty acid composition to these oils. A two-stage catalytic hydrocracking process is proposed to convert JTC oil to high-cetane number biodiesel. If successful selectivities are obtained at the bench scale, this technology could be implemented in existing refineries in developing countries without major modification

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAppropriate Technologies for Environmental Protection in the Developing World
Subtitle of host publicationSelected Papers from ERTEP 2007, July 17–19 2007, Ghana, Africa
EditorsErnest K Yanful
PublisherSpringer
Pages75-81
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9781402091384
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event1st International Conference on Environmental Research, Technology and Policy, ERTEP 2007 - Ghana, South Africa
Duration: Jul 17 2007Jul 19 2007

Conference

Conference1st International Conference on Environmental Research, Technology and Policy, ERTEP 2007
CountrySouth Africa
CityGhana
Period7/17/077/19/07

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Catalytic hydrocracking
  • Jatropha curcas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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