Enhanced sandwich immunoassay using antibody-functionalized magnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles for extraction and detection of soluble transferrin receptor on a photonic crystal biosensor

Ross D. Peterson, Weili Chen, Brian T. Cunningham, Juan E. Andrade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) has detrimental effects on individuals and societies worldwide. A standard sandwich assay (SA) for the detection of soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), a biomarker of IDA, on a photonic crystal (PC) biosensor was established, but it was susceptible to non-specific signals from complex matrixes. In this study, iron-oxide nanoparticles (fAb-IONs) were used as magnetic immuno-probes to bind sTfR and minimize non-specific signals, while enhancing detection on the PC biosensor. This inverse sandwich assay (IA) method completely bound sTfR with low variability (<4% RSD) in buffer and allowed for its accurate and precise detection in sera (Liquichek™ control sera) on the PC biosensor using two certified ELISAs as reference methods. A linear dose-response curve was elicited at the fAb-IONs concentration in which the theoretical binding ratio (sTfR:fAb-IONs) was calculated to be <1 on the IA. The LoDs for sTfR in the SA and IA were similar (. P>0.05) at 14 and 21. μg/mL, respectively. The inherent imprecision of the IA and reference ELISAs was σ(. δ)=0.45. μg/mL and the mean biases for Liquichek™ 1, 2 and 3 were 0.18, 0.19 and -0.04. μg/mL, respectively. Whereas the inherent imprecision of the SA and reference ELISAs was σ(. δ)=0.52. μg/mL and the biases for Liquichek™ 1, 2 and 3 were 0.66, 0.14 and -0.67. μg/mL, respectively. Thus, unlike the SA, the IA method measures sTfR with the same bias as the reference ELISAs. Combined magnetic separation and detection of nutrition biomarkers on PC biosensors represents a facile method for their accurate and reliable quantification in complex matrixes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)815-822
Number of pages8
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume74
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 2015

Keywords

  • Biosensor
  • Iron deficiency
  • Iron-oxide nanoparticles
  • Magnetic separation
  • Photonic crystal
  • Soluble transferrin receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Enhanced sandwich immunoassay using antibody-functionalized magnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles for extraction and detection of soluble transferrin receptor on a photonic crystal biosensor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this