Enhanced lake-effect snows from natural cloud seeding

J. J. Schroeder, D. A.R. Kristovich, M. R. Hjelmfelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


On 5 December 1997, the NCAR ELDORA airborne radar and in situ observations indicated that snow from a high-level cloud deck associated with a departure cyclone was seeding a growing lake-effect snowstorm over Lake Michigan. Where the University of Wyoming King Air research plane took measurements in the storm that day, the Green Bay, Wisconsin, WSR-88D radar was only able to detect snow from the higher-level clouds. By combining these observations, the flight legs of the King Air were separated into seeded and non-seeded portions. Comparison of the observations in seeded and non-seeded portions made it possible to quantify the effects of the seeding process in the lake-effect boundary layer and snowfall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1184-1185
Number of pages2
JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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