To efficiently ferment intermediate cellodextrins released during cellulose hydrolysis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been engineered by introduction of a heterologous cellodextrin utilizing pathway consisting of a cellodextrin transporter and either an intracellular β-glucosidase or a cellobiose phosphorylase. Among two types of cellodextrin transporters, the passive facilitator CDT-2 has not enabled better cellobiose fermentation than the active transporter CDT-1, which suggests that the CDT-2 might be engineered to provide energetic benefits over the active transporter in cellobiose fermentation. We attempted to improve cellobiose transporting activity of CDT-2 through laboratory evolution. Nine rounds of a serial subculture of S. cerevisiae expressing CDT-2 and cellobiose phosphorylase on cellobiose led to the isolation of an evolved strain capable of fermenting cellobiose to ethanol 10-fold faster than the original strain. After sequence analysis of the isolated CDT-2, a single point mutation on CDT-2 (N306I) was revealed to be responsible for enhanced cellobiose fermentation. Also, the engineered strain expressing the mutant CDT-2 with cellobiose phosphorylase showed a higher ethanol yield than the engineered strain expressing CDT-1 and intracellular β-glucosidase under anaerobic conditions, suggesting that CDT-2 coupled with cellobiose phosphorylase may be better choices for efficient production of cellulosic ethanol with the engineered yeast.
- Cellobiose fermentation
- Cellobiose phosphorylase
- Cellodextrin transporter
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology