In this work, a Calderón multiplicative preconditioner (CMP) is proposed for the augmented electric field integral equation (A-EFIE) to improve the convergence. To avoid the imbalance between the vector potential and the scalar potential in the traditional EFIE, A-EFIE considers both the charge and the current as unknowns. After implementing the appropriate frequency scaling and the enforcement of charge neutrality, its formulation is also stable in the low-frequency regime and applicable for large-scale and complex problems. Instead of using other preconditioners, Calderón preconditioning converts the first kind integral equations into the second kind, thus improving the spectrum of the original A-EFIE system. The numerical results show that the resultant system with the combined methods is more stable at low frequencies and converges faster in the calculation of far-field scattering fields.