Josephson junctions with ultrathin (25-40 Å) barriers were fabricated using high TC, trilayer films grown by atomic layer-by-layer molecular beam epitaxy (ALL-MBE). The films consisted of top and bottom electrodes of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8, separated by a single molecular layer of a metastable compound, Bi 2Sr2(Ca, Sr, Bi, Dy)n-1CunO 2n+4, with n=5 to 11. Systematic variation of Bi or Dy doping on Ca sites in the barrier layer provided four orders of magnitude of tuning of both the junction critical current and the normal state resistance, while keeping their product approximately constant, near 0.5 mV. Barrier and junction engineering, on an atomic length scale, has been demonstrated for the first time.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)