Engineering genomes for biofuels

Niaz Ahmad, Muhammad Aamer Mehmood, Steven J. Burgess, Muhammad Sarwar Khan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Global warming, limited oil supplies, energy security, and economic concerns are among the factors driving the search for alternatives to fossil fuels. Biofuels, including bioethanol, biodiesel, and biohydrogen, can be produced renewably, and as such are considered an essential component of strategies to minimize dependency on fossil fuels and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In this chapter, we provide a survey of the various systems used for the production of biofuels, including higher plant-derived bioethanol and biodiesel, the use of microorganisms for the production of biofuels, and solardriven hydrogen production. We go on to show how genetic engineering has been used to improve the yields of various biofuels and discuss future perspectives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationApplied Molecular Biotechnology
Subtitle of host publicationThe Next Generation of Genetic Engineering
EditorsMuhammad Sarwar Khan, Iqrar Ahmad Khan, Debmalya Barh
PublisherCRC Press
Pages569-622
Number of pages54
ISBN (Electronic)9781498714839
ISBN (Print)9781498714815
StatePublished - Apr 21 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Algae
  • Biodiesel
  • Bioethanol
  • Biohydrogen
  • Metabolic engineering
  • Plant biomass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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