Radio-frequency sheaths forming at the surface of ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) actuators in fusion experiments are associated with enhanced impurity sputtering from ICRH plasma-facing components (PFCs). The minimization of impurity fluxes from the ICRH PFC is a vital task for the usage of ICRH systems. Capturing the ion kinetics is important for an accurate description of plasma-material interactions, because the ion dynamics plays a crucial role in RF sheaths. Here, we present a hybrid particle-in-cell (hPIC) model able to capture the kinetic behavior of the ions. We analyze the kinetic ion energy-angle distributions (IEADs) impacting the RF antenna and its dependence on different plasma and RF sheath parameters. In particular, the IEAD dependence on RF frequency and magnetic field alignment is investigated. Using hPIC, we simulated a case emulating the latest experimental campaign from JET. The simulation showed that under specific plasma and RF parameters, the kinetic motion of ions results in a cusp formation in the IEAD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics