Endoplasmic reticulum retention determinants in the transmembrane and linker domains of cytochrome P450 2C1

Elzbieta Szczesna-Skorupa, Byron Kemper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The cytochrome P450 2C1 N-terminal signal anchor sequence mediates direct retention of the protein in the endoplasmic reticulum and consists of a hydrophobic transmembrane domain, residues 3-20, followed by a hydrophilic linker, residues 21-28. Fusions of the N-terminal 21 or 28 amino acids of P450 2C1 to green fluorescent protein resulted in endoplasmic reticulum localization of the chimera in transfected cells. Disruption of microtubules by nocodazole treatment resulted in redistribution into a punctate pattern for the 1-21, but not for the 1-28, chimera indicating that the linker was preventing transport from the endoplasmic reticulum but was not required for retrieval to the endoplasmic reticulum from the pre-Golgi compartment. In the 1-28 chimera, mutations of residues 21-23 (KQS) in the linker resulted in redistribution of the chimera after nocodazole treatment. Mutations in the transmembrane domain affected both direct retention in the endoplasmic reticulum and retrieval from the pre-Golgi compartment, and although structural requirements for each process are distinct, in both cases the arrangement of amino acids and distribution of hydrophobicity are critical. In contrast, the linker region exhibits a sequence-specific requirement for direct retention in the endoplasmic reticulum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19409-19415
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 23 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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