Endlessly single-mode photonic-crystal vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

Ansas M. Kasten, Meng Peun Tan, Paul O. Leisher, Kent D. Choquette

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


We describe a robust manufacturing process for single-mode photonic crystal (PhC) vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). The fabrication of the PhC VCSELs is based on a high tolerance manufacturing process only using optical lithography. We investigate various photonic crystal designs to determine endlessly single mode designs, whereby the same photonic crystal design yields single mode operation for three different wavelengths (780 nm, 850 nm, and 980 nm). The PhC VCSELs demonstrate a maximum output power greater than 1 mW under continuous wave operation with side-mode suppression ratio greater than 35 dB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationVertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers XII
StatePublished - 2008
EventVertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers XII - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 23 2008Jan 24 2008

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherVertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers XII
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA


  • Endlessly single-mode operation
  • Photonic crystal laser
  • Vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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